Elections are nothing new. Records show they were present in ancient Greece and Rome. The process was an essential part of various cultures throughout the world and evolved with time. Choosing who will represent the interest of the inhabitants of a country is the right of most citizens across the globe.
Here in Mexico, this Sunday, June 6th, more than 93 million Mexicans will execute their right to vote. For the first time in history, this impressive number of Mexican citizens will decide the 500 seats occupying the Chamber of Deputies and other 20 thousand positions at the local level. Because of the electoral reform in 2014, this June 6th, federal and regional elections coincide. Even though Mexicans are not electing a new president, this election outcome will be crucial for the second term of the Mexican leader Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
What charges are being elected?
The most relevant part of this election will be the total renew of the Chamber of Deputies by choosing 500 new deputies, 300 of them selected by citizens votes, and the remaining 200 in a proportional representation process. This last aims to give representation to political minorities. Deputies serve three-year terms starting September 1st in the year of the election. Also, the election process in an effort for equality guarantees that at least 50% of the candidates for federal deputies will be women.
Mexicans will also elect 15 governors and their congress out of its 32 federal entities. With their vote will renew 30 assemblies, choosing 1,063 deputies. About 1,923 mayors and council officers will be selected too. All together, making a total of 20,000 positions elected by popular vote.
Instituto Nacional Electoral (INE)
The National Electoral Institute (INE) is in charge of organizing and regulating the election process in Mexico. This organism was formally established on October 11, 1990, and since it is an essential pillar supporting the Mexican democratic system. The INE headquarters are located in Mexico City. It also counts with 32 delegations (federal entities) and 300 subdelegations (one on each electoral district).
This June 6th, the INE will install 162,000 vote centers and implement COVID 19 safety protocols such as:
- Mandatory use of facemasks.
- Social distancing (6 feet apart).
- Use of antibacterial gel.
- Disinfecting all areas frequently.
All of this to ensure the safety of the voters during the election process. They plan to gather the results two days after the election.
The main goal of the Instituto Nacional Electoral is to deliver an electoral procedure that is fair and trustworthy to secure the political-electoral rights of Mexican citizens, contributing this way to the Mexican democracy.